In part one of this series we looked into the definition of facial makeup, the multi-billion dollar industry and the ignorance of God’s people in relation to this topic. In this article we will briefly look into the origin and history of makeup both from the Biblical point of view and secular point of view. Mark Woodman said it beautifully:
Truth is Independent of your opinion or my opinion. Truth is also intolerant of error. Every aspect of a truthful message stimulates the conscience and requests acknowledgement. The individual however, holds the key to accept or reject that message.
I am not writing this article to condemn women but to awaken their curiosity. I am specifically writing to the professed daughters of God, who often feel insecure without the use of makeups; believing themselves to be ugly without the use of facial makeups for augmenting and improving their beauty.
2 Kings 9:30 and Jezebel
I have observed over the years that many of female Christians are not diligent Bible students. Many might have been Christians for long but they have not taken the personal responsibility to study for themselves WHY the Church admonishes positive Christian lifestyle. We are lacking Priscilla’s in our days; women who will take the Bible and expounded unto those that ask about the faith that is in them and “the way of God more perfectly.”Acts 18:26. Many are ignorantly being deceived by their ministers. They don’t even know why they are Christians and what is required of them in this last days.
The Bible is not silent over the topic of makeup even though references to facial make-up are few. These references, though few, will enable to make rational and positive conclusions.
Who was Jezebel?
The first place in the Bible to make mention of facial cosmetic or make up is found in 2 King 9:30. It says, “And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window.” Before we look at this verse let us identify some of the characteristics of Jezebel.
- Jezebel was the daughter of Ethbaal king of Zidon. The Zidonites were Baal worshippers and they practiced all the false religion of other nation. 1 King 16:31; 2 King 9:30.
- She was a Baal worshipper and a prophetess of baal. 1 King 16:31; 18:19; Rev 2:20.
- She was a murderess and the instigator or initiator of all wicked things. 1 King 18:4, 13; 1 King 21:7-15, 25.
- She was an adulteress, prostitute, harlot, whore and idolatress. 2 King 9:22
- She does not only commit adultery but also seduces God’s servants to commit adultery and spiritual fornication to eat things sacrificed to Baal. Rev 2:20.
- She was a witch or sorceress, that is, one who practices magical powers that are obtained through evil spirits. 2 King 9:22.
- Jezebel was the first and only individual whom the Bible particularly mentions by name that used facial cosmetic. 2 King 9:30.
Jezebel is from Zidon what is today known to be Lebanon (located about twenty five miles south of Beirut) which is also regarded as the eastern part in Bible times and even today. Smith’s Bible Dictionary said the Zidonians: “were idolaters, and worshipped Ashtoreth as their tutelary goddess, (1 Kings 11:5, 33; 2 Kings 23:13) as well as the sun-god Baal from whom their king was named. (1 Kings 16:31).” Jezebel probably must have adopted the use of makeup from Egypt as we shall see from the following evidence gathered from History.
Out of the 416 references of face and 73 references of faces in the KJV, Jezebel is the only individual woman in the Bible who painted her face or the only individual woman that used facial cosmetic. Jesus warned that the spirit if Jezebel will come again into the church to seduce many into using make-ups, which the women will use to lure men into fornication and Satan worship.
“Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.” Rev 2:20.
The Brown-Driver- Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon noted that Pûk is the Hebrew word translated as painted in the verse which means “Antimony, Stibium . . . black miniral powder, for increasing brilliance of eyes by darkening edges of lids . . . practice in Arabic; Egypt . . .”
In case you are opposed to the King James Version, well, thank God for other version like the NIV. The New International Version translated this verse a follows:
“Then Jehu went to Jezreel. When Jezebel heard about it, she put on eye makeup, arranged her hair and looked out of a window.”
New English Translation said, “she put on some eyeliner.”
The above translations have vindicated KJV and made it clearer for those who are confused if the Bible ever used the word makeup.
ADAM CLARKE (1960 -1832) a British Methodist Theologian commented on this verse as follows:
“She endeavored to improve the appearance of her complexion by paint, and the general effect of her countenance by a tiara or turban head-dress . . . This is a custom in Asiatic countries to the present day.”
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible commentary also commented on this verse as follows;
“Jezebel … painted her face . . . according to a custom universal in the East among women, of staining the eyelids with stibium, the sulphuret of antimony, a black powder, mixed with oil, called in Syria, Egypt . . . This practice existed in early times, as is proved by the ancient monuments of Egypt and the kohl vessels and probes found in the tombs. . .”
Egypt and Makeup
Before we look into other Bible references that talks about facial makeup I will like us to study carefully where makeup actually originated from or who were the predominant users of makeup originally and why do they use it.
Egypt is the home of ancient civilization and the home of all manner of idol worship. When describing Egypt God often call it the house of bondage, bondage to every kind of sin and false worship. (Ex 13:3; 20:2; 2 Peter 2:19).
In my research it was found that Egypt is the home of many cosmetic products especially those used for beautification and spiritualist purposes. It was not in the culture of the Jews to use makeup for beautification or spiritual purposes except for those who decide to go against the instructions and commandments of God. Nowhere in the Scripture were we told that a Jew used makeup that was accepted by God or the people of the land.
“For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As mine anger and my fury hath been poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem; so shall my fury be poured forth upon you, when ye shall enter into Egypt: and ye shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and ye shall see this place no more” Jer 42:18
Makeup and the Egyptian gods
In her article titled, “One of the 8 inventions we owe to the ancients,” Sarah Pruitt wrote the following:
Ancient Egyptians knew all about the power of a smoky eye. Way back in 4000 B.C., they started making kohl (eye makeup) to line their eyes by mixing soot with galena, a mineral with a metallic bluish, gray or black hue. In some ancient paintings, Egyptians are depicted wearing green eye makeup, a shade they achieved by mixing another mineral, malachite, with the galena. Both women and men wore kohl eye makeup in ancient Egypt. They believed it had healing properties, as well as the power to protect the wearer from the evil eye.
Regarding the use of makeup in Egypt, we were told by Evans Andrews of History.com that:
“Both men and women were known to wear copious amounts of makeup, which they believed gave them the protection of the gods Horus (god of sky and kingship) and Ra (Sun god). . . It was then liberally applied around the eyes with utensils made out of wood, bone and ivory. Women would also stain their cheeks with red paint and use henna to color their hands and fingernails and both sexes wore perfumes made from oil, myrrh and cinnamon. The Egyptians believed their makeup had magical healing powers, and they weren’t entirely wrong: Research has shown that the lead-based cosmetics worn along the Nile actually helped stave off eye infections.”
One of the facts about facial cosmetic as noted by some historians, just as I have noted above is that;
“Cosmetic in the ancient Egypt was very important part of religion. To honor the gods and the spirits, people took very good care of their bodies. Face makeup and body oils were considered sacred.
In the future articles, we will continue from where we stop and look further into other Bible references and Historical settings.
How to Cite this article: Odunuga, O. E, “The Shocking Truth Behind Makeup.” keepyoufromfalling ministry. Retrive 4:00pm. June 30, 2016. https://keepyoufromfalling.com/2016/06/30/the-shocking-truth-behind-make-up-part-two/
Note: This article is an excerpt from my up coming book, “Shocking Truth about Make-up: Origin, History and the Bible.” Watch out for it soon.