In part one and two we learnt that beasts in Bible prophecy represents kingdoms, kingly or state powers and the sea represents nations, tongue, tribe, people and densely (or thickly) populated area. (See. Daniel 7:17, Rev 17:15; Isa. 17:12, 13.) If sea or waters represent a densely populated area in Europe as we saw in Revelation 13:1-3, land or earth, which is often seen as the opposite of sea or water, represent a sparsely (or scantly) populated area outside of Europe. Sea and Earth are two separate locations. (Gen 1:10). The earth in Bible Prophecy is the opposite of the sea or water. If the sea represents an area already crowded by people, the earth will then represent an area uncrowded by people, multitude and tongues.

On like the first composite beast coming out of the sea which John saw in Revelation 13:1-3, he then saw another beast different from the first beast “coming up out of the earth.” Revelation 13:11. This new beast is seen to quietly come out and quietly grow into a great power as the Papal power [The religious power of the first beast] was taken into captivity during the French revolution when Napoleon Bonaparte, through his General, inflected a deadly wound on Pope. (Rev 13:3). This deadly wound took place in 1798 when “Berthier made his entrance into Rome, abolished the Papal government and established a secular one.[1] According to the free internet Encyclopedia known as Wikipedia, in an article titled, “Napoleon and the Catholic Church,” noted the following:

Pope Pius VI sued for peace, which was granted at Tolentino on February 19, 1797; but on December 28 of that year, in a riot blamed by papal forces on some Italian and French revolutionists, the popular brigadier-general Mathurin-Léonard Duphot, who had gone to Rome with Joseph Bonaparte as part of the French embassy, was killed and a new pretext was furnished for invasion. General Berthier marched to Rome, entered it unopposed on February 10, 1798, and, proclaiming a Roman Republic, demanded of the Pope the renunciation of his temporal power.

Upon his refusal he was taken prisoner, and on February 20 was escorted from the Vatican to Siena, and thence to the Certosa near Florence. The French declaration of war against Tuscany led to his removal (he was escorted by the Spaniard Pedro Gómez Labrador, Marquis of Labrador) by way of Parma, Piacenza, Turin and Grenoble to the citadel of Valence, the chief town of Drôme where he died six weeks after his arrival, on August 29, 1799, having then reigned longer than any Pope.[2]

The Catholic Online Encyclopedia also confirm and affirm to this truth:

General Bonaparte had just returned to Paris . . . He was by no means anxious to lead the expedition against Rome, which the Directory was projecting, and contented himself with giving Berthier, who commanded it, certain instructions from a distance. For this expedition for Berthier’s entry into Rome and the proclamation of the Roman Republic (10-15 February, 1798), and for the captivity of Pius VI, who was carried off a prisoner to Valence.[3]

The above quotations from secular History gave credence to the authority of the Bible. The Catholic Encyclopedia borrowed the same word used in the Revelation 13:10 which says, “He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.” It was this captivity that lead brought a wound upon the holy see of the catholic church which led to his death. Pope Pius VI, was the fourth longest serving Pope in the History of the Catholic Church. He reigned from 1775 to 1799. It should be remember that the Papacy is the combination of Church and State, though the political power was taken away by the French General, his religious system never ceased to exist.

Therefore, at the end of the 1260 year prophecy or the 42 months, which is from 538 AD – 1798 AD, this new kingdom or nation with “two horns like a lamb” was rising in power in an area that has not been inhabited and that has not been taken over by Papal Rome. The power was also rising during the time the Papal See was going into Captivity.


Which nation during the end of the 1260 days/years prophecy was growing into power and has not been densely populated by people, multitude and tongues?

John Wesley in 1754, when he wrote his New Testament Commentary, did not only apply the first beast to the Papacy but noted that the lamblike beast would soon appear after the end of the 42 months or 1260 years. He wrote:

“But he [second beast of Rev 13:11-18] is not yet come, though he cannot be far off. For he [second beast] is to appear at the end of the forty-two months [1260 years] of the first beast. A mild innocent appearance, venomous, fiery, dreadful: so do those who are zealous for the beast.”[4]

In 1754, Wesley understood that the lamblike beast was to come during the end of 42 months and also noted that this beast (or nation) was not in existence as at the time he wrote the commentary. However, in 1798 USA was emerging as an independent nation. In fact the word “coming up” used in Revelation 13:11 in Greek is anabaino which means “to spring up as a plant or to grow up.” It is the same word used in Christ parable of the seed when he said the seed “fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up [anabaino].” Mark 4:8.

A. Townsend wrote the following:

“The history of United States was separated by a beneficent providence far from this wild and cruel history of the rest of the continent, and like a silent see, we grew into empire, while empire itself, beginning in the South, was swept by so interminable hurricane that what of its history we can ascertain is read by the very lightnings that devastated it.”[5]

Uriah Smith quoted an author in his book Daniel and Revelation, who, about the year 1850 spoke of the United States of America as a wonderful empire which was “emerging” and “amid the silence of the earth daily adding to its power and pride.[6]

Lamb with two horns

One of the distinct feature of this second beast is that it had “two horns like a lamb” vs. 11. In the Bible the lamb symbolized Christ. (John 1:36). It is mentioned 29 times in the book of Revelation and it often generally refer to Christ. Therefore, this beast will have a Christ-like features. It shall be gentle, harmless and innocent in its appearance like a lamb. John Wesley noted above that this lamblike beast shall be with “A mild innocent appearance.” A lamb is a young sheep which is not fully grown implying that this beast power is recently established and quietly gaining momentum. According to Deut. 33:17; Daniel 7:24, 25, horns denotes kingly power. This second beast has a lamblike horn indicating his kingly power would be Christ-like. That means the Government of this beast at the beginning of its existence will be based on Christ’s principles of leadership which we can find in no other place other than the Scripture. This is an accurate description of the form of Government instituted by the founding fathers of the USA.

This second beast based his government on Christ principle and two of Christ principles of Government in the New Testament are:

  • Separation of Church and State: “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and unto God, the things that are God’s.” Luke 20:25. This is a principle of keeping politics out of religion and keeping religion out of politics. This is the great principle behind the separation of Church and State. From the start, United States was characterized by its unique separation of Church and State. As the two horns on the head of the beast are separate, the Church and State, which represents two powers and government, must also be separate from each other.
  • Religious Liberty: “And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.” John 12:47; Matthew 7:1. When it comes to the matter of religion and conscience, Christ principle is for us not to Judge our fellow brother. Even when Christ was here on earth, He didn’t Judge anyone for He knows that the Judgment of all being is still in the future. In her constitution, USA was noted for the freedom of religion to all people.

Based on this two principles, the United States, from its inception has been a strongly protestant country. The principle of the lamblike beast would be different from that of the first beast. If the first beast principle was catholic (universal) in nature, then the second beast would be a non-Catholic power. Therefore, the second beast would be a Protestant Power. No other nation in History fits in with this description during the end of the 42 months or 1260 years other than the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The facts below will prove this from their very constitution:

US constitution on Religious Liberty

“. . . On June 8, 1789, Representative James Madison rose and gave a speech in the House where he introduced a series of articles of amendment. One concerned religious freedom:

The civil rights of none shall be abridged on account of religious belief or worship, nor shall any national religion be established, nor shall the full and equal rights of conscience be in any manner, or on any pretext, infringed.”[7]

US constitution on separation of Church and States

President Thomas Jefferson in his 1802 letter to the Danbury Baptist Association, wrote the most memorable phrase in relation to the separation of church and states, that is, the government should not make law respecting an established religion. He said:

Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his god, [the people, in the 1st Amendment,] declared that their legislature should make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, thus building a wall of separation between church and state.[8]

Thomas Jefferson was an outspoken proponent of the separation of church and state, going back to his time as a legislator in Virginia. In 1785, Jefferson drafted a bill. He wrote:

. . . no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer, on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.[9]

 The Dragon and Lamb-like beast

We were told in Revelation 13:11 that this lamb-like beast which the Bible and History identified as the United States of America “spake as a dragon.” How does a nation speak? A nation speaks through her legislatures which are regarded as the arm of government that makes law and change laws. Protestant America will speak like the dragon which primarily is the Devil or Satan (Rev 12:9) but in the secondary sense it is Pagan and Papal Rome (Rev 12:13; 13:1-3). Pagan and Papal Rome never changes. Both are one but of different dispensation. Pagan Rome is a civil or state power with pagan practices as its religion. Papal Rome is also a State/Civil power with pagan practices clothed with the garb of christianity.

The second beast of revelation 13 speaks like a dragon denote a time when he will begin to speak the language of Rome and the nation will turn against the principle that make it a protestant nation. USA will stretch her hands towards the gulf and claps her hand with the Papacy to institute laws that will be Satanic and Devilish in nature but garbed with the innocence of christianity.


It would be imperative at this juncture to present some evidences on how United States will speak like the first beast which we have identified to be Papal Rome which has all the feature of Pagan Rome. Presently, the United States of America is made up of Nine Judges in the Supreme Court in which 6 are Roman Catholics and 3 are made up of Judaism. Take note that that America was originally a protestant nation but among the 9legislatures listed below, we find no protestant among them:

Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor (Roman Catholic), Associate Justice Stephen Gerald Breyer (Judaism), Associate Justice Samuel Alito (Roman Catholic), Associate Justice Elena Kagan (Judaism), Late Associate Justice Antonin Scalia (Roman Catholic), Associate Justice Clarence Thomas (Roman Catholic), Chief Justice John Roberts (Roman Catholic), Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy (Roman Catholic) and Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg (Judaism)— (Source is Wikipedia)

It is through these men that the United State of America is to speak like a dragon and we could see daily in the news how laws are enacted against the moral and eternal laws of God. Laws against God’s divine marriage, laws upholding the use of Guns, laws that are meant to break the walls between the church and State etc. From the above, the Catholic Church already has control of the Justice System of the United States. When the legislature makes laws that are in favor of the Roman Catholic, it would not be difficult to dispense justice on such law because the majority of those in the Supreme Court are Catholics.

The following was noted in May 5, 1903 by the Chicago Tribune by Archbishop Quigley:

With twenty years this country is going to rule the world. Kings and emperors will soon pass away, and the democracy of the United States will take their place. The west will dominate the country . . . When the United States rules the world the Catholic Church will rule the world . . . In fifty years Chicago will be exclusively Catholic.”[10]

In his Book called The Godfathers: Alberto Part 3, Jack T. Chick noted a point made by an Ex-Jesuit Priest known as Dr. Alberto Rivera. He said;

When he [Rivera] was under the extreme oath of the Jesuits. He was told that a secret sign was to be given to the Jesuits worldwide when the ecumenical movement had successfully wiped out Protestantism, in preparation for the signing of a concordat between the Vatican and the U.S.

The sign was to be when a President of the U.S. took his oath of office facing an obelisk. For the first time in U.S. history, the swearing in ceremonies were moved to the West front of the Capitol, and President Reagan faced the Washington Monument. This happened January 20, 1982. Was the President aware of this? We don’t know.”[11]

Reagan administration changed the position where the swearing-in ceremonies were to hold from the east front of the capitol building to the west front of the capitol Building because the west front of the capitol building is facing one of the biggest obelisk in the world.

Since the first inauguration of President Reagan in 1981, the swearing-in ceremonies have been held on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol Building. The only exception was the 1985 swearing-in of President Reagan’s second term, when cold weather forced the ceremony into the Capitol Rotunda.[12]

To be continued  . . .

[1] Encyclopedia Americana, 1941 Edition.

 [2] Napoleon and the Catholic Church. (2016, July 26). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:43, July 26, 2016, from

[3] Goyau, G. (1911). Napoleon I (Bonaparte). In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved October 17, 2016 from New Advent:

[4] John Wesley, Explanatory Notes Upon the New Testament, p. 735. (Published by J. Soule and T. Mason, for the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United State) 1818.

[5] G. A. Townsend, The New World Compared with the Old: A description of the American Government, Institutions, and Enterprises, and of those of our Great Rivals at the present Time, Particularly England and France (1869), p. 635. (,+the+new+world+compared+with+the+old&source=gbs_navlinks_s)

[6] Uriah Smith, Daniel and Revelation, p. 574.





[11] Jack T. Chick, The Godfathers: Alberto Part 3, p. 26 (see Google books)




The book of Daniel and Revelation are one book. To understand one is to understand the other. In part one, we ended by identifying ten characteristics of the little horn of Daniel chapter 7. In this article, we would be studying a parallel prophecy of Daniel chapter 7 which is found in Revelation chapter 13.


In Revelation chapter 13 vs. 1, Apostle John was shown in vision a beast rising out of the sea having 7 heads, ten horns upon the 7 heads and ten crowns were also seen to be upon these 10 horns. Upon the 7 heads of this beast was seen “a name of blasphemy.” The sea which the beast rises out from in Bible prophecy signifies people, multitudes, nations and tongues of the Western Europe. (See. Rev. 17:15; Isa. 17:12, 13). The beast rose out from an inhabited land in the Western Europe.

It should be noted also that the crowns are seen to be upon the horns and not directly upon the head. The horns are upon the 7 heads while the 10 crowns are upon the 10 horns. This shows that the horns are political powers or kings. Although horns and heads can be used interchangeably in Bible prophecy and they both signify political powers, authority, king, kingdoms, nations etc. The beast ruled through the 10 divisions of the Western Roman Empire. The horns represent the 10 kingdom/kings of the Western Europe (Daniel 7:8, 24; 2:42).

In Revelation 13:2, John also saw some other feature of this beast which corresponds with that of Daniel 7. It could be seen that this beast is like a leopard in bodily form, his feet is like that of a bear, his mouth is like that of a lion and the dragon of Revelation 12 gave this leopard like beast his power, seat and great authority.

From our previous study in Daniel 7, it should be seen by now that this beast of Revelation 13:1, 2 is composed of all the features of the beast in Daniel 7. When we compare this beast and his characteristics highlighted in Revelation 13:1, 2 with that of Daniel 7:1-7 it is not difficult to identify what each beast represents. We could see John standing on the prophetic time line, looking back in history, while Daniel was looking forward into the future.


  • John was looking backward to history as he stood at the shore of the sea. He saw the beast having 7 heads. (See. Daniel 7:8, 24). The 7 heads are the 7 kingdoms that are remaining after 3 out of 10 were exterminated through the influence of the papacy in the Roman Empire. AD 538.
  • He also saw 10 horns on the 7 heads of the beast. Note that head and horns represent nation, kingdom, kings, political power and ruler. (See. Daniel 7:7). The 10 horns are the 10 Western European nations under the Roman Empire. B.C 168-A.D 476. The 10 horn specifically were established in the year A.D. 476 this means that the antichrist will rise after this date.
  • The beast is like a leopard bodily. The leopard beast in Daniel 7:6 is Greece. B.C 331-B.C 168.
  • The feet of the leopard like beast are made of a bear’s feet. In Daniel 7:5 the bear represent Medo-Persia. B.C 538/9-B.C 331.
  • The leopard like beast also has the mouth of a lion. In Daniel 7:4, the lion symbolizes the Babylonian Kingdom. B.C 605-B.C 562.

John saw exactly everything Daniel saw but in a reverse order. Just as Daniel was given the vision of rise and fall of various beasts representing the rise and fall of successive kingdoms in Daniel 7 when Babylon was ruling the world, in the same manner was John shown the composite leopard like beast rising to power during the time of pagan Rome. Rome is identified as the composite beast which has characteristics of the past nations. Rome was split into 10 ruling powers but 3 were uprooted. 7 heads were left after the extermination of three to make up the nations of Western Europe of today.

A horn and a head are used interchangeably for both symbolizes one and the same thing. Rome, the leopard like beast, was divided into 10 Kingdoms in AD 476 and the uprooting of the 3 kingdoms was accomplished in AD 538.


John saw pagan Rome rise to power during the year AD 538 when Heruli, Vandals and finally Ostrogoths were uprooted because of their belief in Arianism (the belief that Jesus Christ is not God but a created being). Ostrogoths were the last to be uprooted among the three in AD 538.

The papacy arose from the beast (Pagan Rome). The papacy first rose after Rome was divided into 10 kingdoms in AD 476 and he arose to full supremacy in AD 538 when the last of the 3 kingdoms that refuses to adhere to his rules were exterminated.

  • Heruli in Italy was exterminated in A.D 493 under the Emperor Zeno of the eastern Roman Empire who commanded King Theodoric of the Ostrogoths.
  • Vandals were exterminated in A.D 534 by General Belisarius under the authority of Emperor Justinian I.
  • The Ostrogoths were also defeated by the armies of Emperor Justinian and General Belisarius in A.D 538.

“Thus the three Arian nations who refused to renounce their heretical faith were uprooted or subdued and the other Arian peoples turned orthodox, leaving the bishop of Rome the undisputed ruler of nations and the corrector of heretics.”[1]


It should not be forgotten that the beast of Revelation 13 is the composition of all the beast of Daniel 7. Pagan Rome has all the features of past kingdoms and it combines their philosophy, religion, ideology and education in order to dominate the world. Let us look at some of the characteristics of the successive nations and combine them to see what power world power fit this beast that rises from the sea in our present time.

LION: Naturally, a lion is proud and strong; therefore, Babylon symbolizes pride and exaltation of man to the level of God or attributing God’s glory to that of man. When the beast or antichrist speaks, it is speaking the language of Babylon.

“For, lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwellingplaces that are not theirs . . . 11 Then shall his mind change, and he shall pass over, and offend, imputing this his power unto his god.” Hab 1:6, 11. (See. Daniel 4:28-31).

BEAR: Medo-Persia symbolizes cruelty, making laws against God and His people, and claiming infallibility (Isaiah 13:16-18; Daniel 6:8, 15; Esther 3:8-15)

LEOPARD: Greece as a nation is known for her wisdom and her philosophical enlightenment. They exalt reason and man’s word (tradition) above God’s word. (1 Cor. 1:22; 2 Cor. 10:5; Acts 17:16-22; 2 Timothy 3:7)

DRAGON: Pagan Rome is a persecuting power which will wear out the saints of God and make war with them. (Dan7:7; 2:40; Deut 28:45-57).

If we combine all the characteristics of these beasts and the time which they arose to power we have but to identify the world power who;

  1. Rose to dominance in the year A.D. 538;
  2. exalts man to the level of God;
  3. claims infallibility;
  4. Showed extreme cruelty in its history;
  5. places tradition, man’s wisdom and reason above the word of God;
  6. Persecuted those who went against them or those who held unto the precept of the Bible.

One power alone can fit these characteristics: PAPAL ROME (PAPACY).

But the Bible offers us more clues.


The Dragon represents imperial Rome or Pagan Rome as we could see in Revelation 12 which was used by Satan in trying to destroy the Christ-child.

Seat: In A.D. 330 imperial Rome gave his seat of power to papal Rome when Constantine moved the city of Rome from the west to the east in Turkey (formally called Constantinople).

Authority (Civil): Imperial Rome didn’t just give the papacy a political base; In A.D. 533 it gave him authority. Emperor Justinian in this year decreed that the Bishop of Rome is to be the universal bishop of the world and the corrector of heretics.

Power (Military): Though the emperor officially declared the Pope as the corrector of heretics, this power was useless without the backing of a political or military power to enforce it. In A.D. 538 the extermination of the last of the three kingdoms that refuse to adhere to the Papacy was accomplished. The three nations which are Heruli, Vandals, and Ostrogoths were standing in his way of rising to power thus they were exterminated in A.D. 493, A.D. 534 and A.D. 538 respectively.


There are other characteristics which would help us to nail who this beast really is that received his power, seat and authority from the dragon. One other feature that the Bible pointed out about the beast is that “. . . and upon his [seven] heads the name of blasphemy” was written. Rev 13:1. To know what this blasphemy is, we need to define the meaning using the Scripture. What is blasphemy according to the Bible? The Bible defines blasphemy as one of the following:

  1. One who blasphemes claim to forgive sins. “And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?” Luke 5:21.
  2. One who blasphemes also calls him or herself God. “The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.” John 10:33.

Therefore, the Bible defines blasphemy as one claiming the prerogatives of God. It is written of the man of sin who is also represented as the papacy, antichrist, the little horn and Babylon that he will “opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.” 2 Thess 2:4

The Church of Rome is the only Church that claims to forgive sin. She has the following to say:

If anyone saith that the sacramental absolution of the priest is not a judicial act… let him be anathema. If anyone saith that priests… have not the power of binding and of loosing, or that not priests alone are ministers of absolution, let him be anathema.[2]

To pardon a single sin requires all the omnipotence of God…[3]

The priest not only declares that the sinner is forgiven, but he really forgives him… so great is the power of the priest, that the judgments of heaven itself are subject to his decision.[4]

The poor sinner kneels at his confessor’s feet. He knows he is not speaking to an ordinary man, but to another Christ. He hears the words, ‘I absolve thy sins’ and the hidden load of sins drops from his soul forever.[5]

A priest, in absolving a sinner, performs the very office of the Holy Ghost in the sanctification of souls.[6]

We define that the holy Apostolic See and the Roman Pontiff holds the primacy over the wide world and that the Roman Pontiff himself is the successor of the blessed Peter… the father and doctor of all Christians; and that to him… was given… full power to feed, rule and govern the universal church[7]

In connection with the blasphemy that was written on his seven heads, we were also told that it was “given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.” Rev 13:5. This is also what was said about the little horn in Daniel 7. “I [Daniel] considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.” Dan 7:8. These great words that he shall speak would be against “the most High.” Daniel 7:25. He shall blaspheme with his mouth against God, his name and his tabernacle and them that dwell in heaven. (Rev 13:6).

The Catholic Encyclopedia says of the Pope:

The sentences which he gives are to be forthwith ratified in heaven.[8]

Pope Leo XIII said:

But the supreme teacher in the Church is the Roman Pontiff. Union of minds, therefore, requires, together with a perfect accord in the one faith, complete submission and obedience of will to the Church and to the Roman Pontiff, as to God Himself. We hold upon this earth the place of God Almighty[9]

The Papacy also blasphemes those who dwell in heaven. Apart from the Godhead, the other dwellers in heaven are the millions of angels, the messengers of God. The Papacy blasphemes them by claiming that the priests are greater than the angels and that the Pope can even excommunicate the angels.

The sacerdotal (priestly) dignity also surpasses the dignity of the angels…. All the angels in heaven cannot absolve from a single sin…the holy archangel can chase away devils, but he cannot free his client from their claims till a priest comes to absolve him…. If I saw an angel and a priest, I would bend my knee first to the priest and then to the angel.[10]

The Pope is crowned with a triple crown, as king of heaven and of earth and of the lower regions…so that if it were possible that the angels might err in the faith, they could be judged and excommunicated by the Pope….[11]


Another identifying feature of this beast that arose from the sea is that:

“It was given unto him [the leopard like beast] to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.” Rev 13:7.

As Daniel beheld the rise of the little horn, it was seen that the little horn, like the leopard beast, “made war with the saints, and prevailed against them” and “wear out the saints of the most High.” Dan 7:21, 25. He was to persecute the saints for “a time and times and the dividing of time” or he was to continue in this evil act for forty and two months. Dan 7:25; Rev 13:5.

In Bible prophecy, a time is 1 year or 360 days. Times is 2 years or 720 days. Half a time is half a year or 180 days.  A day is equal to a year in Bible prophecy (Ezekiel 4:6; Numbers 13:34). Therefore, 360days+720days+180days = 1260 days or years since a day equals to a year.

42 months in Rev 13:5 is the same as “a time and times and the dividing of time” in Daniel 7:25. A month is 30 days. 42 months x 30 days = 1260 days or 1260 years. (See. Gen 7:11, 24; 8:1-4).

Professor Baudrillart, Rector of the Catholic Institute of Paris and later a cardinal, writes that the Papacy has employed physical force against dissenters:

The Catholic Church…loudly proclaims that she has a ‘horror of blood.’ Nevertheless when confronted by heresy she…has recourse to force, to corporal punishment, to torture. She creates tribunals like those of the Inquisition… encourages a crusade, or a religious war…. Especially did she act thus in the sixteenth century with regard to Protestants…she lit in Italy, in the Low countries and above all in Spain the funeral piles of the Inquisition. In France…and in England…she tortured the heretics whilst both in France and Germany…she encouraged and actively aided the religious wars. No one will deny that we have here a great scandal to our contemporaries….”

Indeed, even among our friends and our brothers we find those who dare not look this problem in the face. They ask permission from the Church to ignore or even deny all those acts and institutions in the past which have made orthodoxy compulsory.[12]

 The Anglican Scholar, Dr. H. Grattan Guinness, wrote:

It has been calculated that the popes of Rome have directly or indirectly slain 50 millions of men and women who refused to be parties to Romish idolatries, who held to the Bible as the Word of God.[13]

“And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.” Rev 13:3. For 1260 years, the little horn power arose to world domination in the year A.D. 538 and from then on until A.D. 1798 when the Papacy was given a deadly wound and lost its power to continue. This deadly wound was inflicted on Pope Pius VI by Napoleon’s general Berthier who entered Rome and took the Pope prisoner. This deadly wound occurred during the French revolution and the Pope had never wielded the same kind of authority today as he did during the period of A.D.538-1798. But this deadly wound was later healed and all the world wondered after this beast and “all them that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.” Rev 13:8.


It should be remembered that one of the characteristics of the beast is that it has the features of the past kingdom. One of the kingdom that are known for making laws and exalting that law above that of God and making laws against God’s people is the Medo-Persia, this is the feet like unto a bear or the bear with three ribs in his mouth (See. Esther 3:8-15; Daniel 6:8, 15; Daniel 7:5).

Since the Papacy has the element of Medo-Persia in her system, it is the law of God that the papacy sought to change. It is written of the little horn that “And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.” Dan 7:25. The only commandment that deals with time is the fourth commandment which calls for Sabbath observance. By instituting Sunday observance, the Papacy sought to change this law.

“The pope has the power to change times, to abrogate laws, and to dispense with all things, even the precepts of Christ. He can pronounce sentences and judgments in contradiction to the rights of nations, to the law of God and man.”[14]

“The Catholic Church for over one thousand years before the existence of a Protestant, by virtue of her divine mission, changed the day from Saturday to Sunday.”[15]

“You may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we (Catholics) never sanctify.”[16]

Question : What Bible authority is there for changing the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week? Who gave the Pope the authority to change a command of God?”

Answer : If the Bible is the only guide for the Christian, then the Seventh-day Adventist is right in observing the Saturday with the Jew. But Catholics learn what to believe and do from the divine, infallible authority established by Jesus Christ, the Catholic Church…Is it not strange that those who make the Bible their only teacher should inconsistently follow in this matter the tradition of the Church?”[17]

Question: Which is the Sabbath day?”
Answer : Saturday is the Sabbath day.”
Question : Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?”
Answer : We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church, in the Council of Laodicea (336 A.D.), transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday.”[18]

In part three, we shall study what specifically the mark of the beast and the seal of God is. We shall also study how we can avoid the mark of the beast and receive the seal of God.


[1] Taylor Bunch, The Book of Daniel (Payson, Ariz,: Leaves-of-Autumn Books, 1991), p. 101.

[2] Council of Trent, Session XIV, 1546 Dogmatic Canons and Decrees, Canons IX & X.

[3] Saint Alphonsus de Liguori, Dignities and Duties of a Priest (Brooklyn NY: Redemptorist Fathers, 1926), 34.

[4] Michael Muller, The Catholic Priest (Baltimore: Kteuzer Brothers, 1876).

[5] William Doyle, Shall I Be a Priest (Dublin: Irish Messenegr Office, 1913),14-15.

[6] Saint Alphonsus de Liguori, 36.

[7] Labbe and Cossart, The Council of Trent (Paris: 1671),12:1167.

[8] Charles Herbermann et al, “Pope,” The Catholic Encyclopedia, (New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912),12:265

[9] Catholic Church, The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo Xiii (New York: Benziger Brothers, 1903), 193, 304.

[10] Saint Alphonsus de Liguori, 31.

[11] Lucius Ferraris, 6:48.

[12] Alfred Baudrillart, The Catholic Church, the Renaissance, and Protestantism (New York: Benziger Brothers, 1908),182-184.

[13] Grattan Guinness, The Approaching End of the Age (London: Hodder and Straughton, 1879), 212.

[14] Decretalia de translat. Ep Cop. Cap.

[15] The Catholic Mirror, Sept 23 1893.

[16] James Cardinal Gibbons, The Faith of Our Fathers, pg 111.

[17] Question Box, by Conway, 1903 edition, pgs 254-255.

[18] Peter Geiermann, The Converts Catechism of Catholic Doctrine, Second Edition, 1910, pg 50.